Uttarakhand officially the State of Uttarakhand,formerly known as Uttaranchal, Uttarakhand is a state in the northern part of India. It is often referred to as the Devbhumi(literally “Land of the Gods”) due to many Hindu temples and pilgrimage centres found throughout the state.Archaeological evidence supports the existence of humans in the region since prehistoric times. The region formed a part of the Kuru and the Panchal kingdoms (mahajanpads) during the Vedic age of Ancient India.Ancient rock paintings, rock shelters, paleolithic stone tools (hundreds of thousands of years old), and megaliths provide evidence that the mountains of the region have been inhabited since prehistoric times. There are also archaeological remains which show the existence of early Vedic (c. 1500 BCE) practices in the area. Uttarakhand has a diversity of flora and fauna. It has a recorded forest area of 34,666 km2 which constitutes 65% of the total area of the state.Uttarakhand is home to rare species of plants and animals, many of which are protected by sanctuaries and reserves.Uttarakhand has long been called “Land of the Gods”as the state has some of the holiest Hindu shrines, and for more than a thousand years, pilgrims have been visiting the region in the hopes of salvation and purification from sin. The climate in the northern part of Uttarakhand is typically Himalayan.